Types of Braces

Types of Braces2023-07-10T00:30:09+12:00

There are a number of different types of braces, from removable plates to Invisalign, and the type we use for each individual patient depends on a number of factors.

We strive to use the most effective braces available, whilst taking into account each patient’s lifestyle, aesthetic desires and budget.


These are most commonly used in very young children who do not yet have their permanent teeth, but they can be used for all ages, including adults. Removable plates are used:

  • To expand and create space in the jaws in cases of tooth crowding
  • To correct crossbites
  • To encourage forward growth of the lower jaw when required

Removable plates are usually worn full time except for eating and tooth brushing. They can be made in a variety of colours and designs, from completely clear (invisible) to fluorescent with glitter. Bright colours are especially popular with our younger patients.

Metal Braces

These are the most common type of braces we use for children and teenagers. Metal braces are made out of high-grade stainless steel or titanium, and they are the most durable braces available so they are most able to withstand the ‘rough and tumble’ of children and teenagers’ lives. Metal braces come in two types: conventional and self-ligating. Conventional braces are used with elastic bands (‘ligatures’), which are available in a variety of colours, making them very popular with children. Self-ligating braces do not require elastic ligatures and are our choice in non ‘colour-conscious’ patients because they are more hygienic.

Tooth Coloured Braces

These are the most common type of braces we use for adults. Tooth coloured braces are made out of either plastic or ceramic. They function the same way as metal braces but are a lot less visible, so generally all you can see is the wire. However, compared to metal braces they are less durable, more prone to fracture and more expensive! For this reason we often place tooth-coloured braces on a patient’s more visible top teeth, whilst keeping the less visible lower teeth in metal braces. All of the tooth coloured braces we use are self-ligating.


Invisalign is a method of straightening teeth that uses a series of custom-made clear plastic aligners which are worn over the teeth and changed by the patient every two weeks. Teeth straighten gradually over a period of months. Invisalign aligners contain no metal brackets or wires and removable, comfortable, and, best of all, invisible. They are also removable for eating and tooth brushing. Unfortunately Invisalign is not suitable for all patients as it cannot provide orthopaedic bone movement or jaw repositioning.

Lingual Braces

Lingual braces are metal braces placed on the inside or backs of the teeth. They are completely invisible but in our experience they are very uncomfortable for patients who say that they hurt their tongue and affect their speech. For this reason we prefer to use metal braces, tooth-coloured braces, or Invisalign.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you know if you have an overbite?2023-03-13T22:07:55+13:00

If your lower teeth bite very close to or touch the roof of your mouth when you close it or bite naturally, you have an overbite.

Is it bad to have an overbite?2023-03-13T22:08:15+13:00

If not treated, overbites can cause permanent damage to teeth. They can cause painful temporomandibular disorders, severe head and jaw aches, tooth decay and sleep apnoea. Upper teeth tend also to be more susceptible to trauma.

How do you fix an overbite?2023-03-13T22:08:42+13:00

Overbites can be fixed with braces, Invisalign and retainers.

Is it bad to have an underbite?2023-03-13T22:09:04+13:00

The more advanced cases of an underbite can cause additional problems such as face and mouth pain from the misalignment, difficulty in speech, and challenges when talking.

At what age should you fix an underbite?2023-03-13T22:09:27+13:00

The earlier the better. We at Dental Artistry suggest as early as between the ages of seven and ten years.

Do underbites get worse with age?2023-03-13T22:09:46+13:00

They can worsen with age and other factors, and cause problems in eating and speaking, as well as significant pain.

Do open bites get worse?2023-03-13T22:10:05+13:00

Yes, open bites can get worse with time if left untreated, especially in younger patients. We suggest consulting our orthodontist about your case to determine the advantages of acting fast, or whether to taking action at a later date would be more beneficial.

Does an open bite require surgery?2023-03-13T22:10:25+13:00

No, an open bite can usually be treated without resorting to surgery. Surgery is a treatment option in severe cases.

Why is a cross bite bad?2023-03-13T22:10:43+13:00

If left untreated it can cause teeth grinding, wearing down on the teeth’s enamel, headaches and huge amounts of stress on the jaw bones.

How long does it take to fix a cross bite?2023-03-13T22:11:07+13:00

The younger the patient, the quicker the correction of a cross bite with the right treatment. Cross bites in adults can usually be fixed with the right treatment in just a couple of years.

Can a cross bite correct itself?2023-03-13T22:11:28+13:00

Research has shown that it does often correct by itself, but if it persists, the ideal time for correction is between eight and 11 years of age.

Can retainers fix crowded teeth?2023-03-13T22:12:04+13:00

Yes, both removable and fixed retainers are often used to fix the problem of crowded teeth. We suggest consulting one of our orthodontic experts to determine which treatment option is best for you.

Will removing teeth help with overcrowding?2023-03-13T22:12:25+13:00

Removing teeth to treat overcrowding is not preferred in most cases. Where possible, we aim to provide treatment without the removal of teeth or surgery.

How long do you need braces for crowding?2023-03-13T22:12:48+13:00

When treating overcrowding of teeth with braces, the timeframe for treatment is often from 18 to 24 months but will depend on your unique case and what treatment steps are recommended.

Can a gap between your teeth get bigger?2023-03-13T22:13:23+13:00

Yes, gaps in your teeth can get bigger if left untreated. Gaps change, getting larger or smaller when children grow and their teeth and jaw develop. For the best assessment of whether a tooth gap needs to be treated, come and see one of our orthodontists.

Is having a gap in your teeth bad?2023-03-13T22:13:44+13:00

Though not dangerously so, gaps in your teeth can cause tooth decay, gum diseases, headaches and trouble with eating and digestion. It can also affect self-confidence and your smile.

Can teeth gaps close naturally?2023-03-13T22:14:06+13:00

Teeth gaps do often close naturally in most babies, but older children and adults will often require treatment to close gaps between teeth.

Our aim is to provide you with a beautiful smile, a comfortable and efficient bite and excellent oral health

At Dental Artistry we’re dedicated to providing you with exceptional dental treatment in a practice that adheres to the most stringent safety and quality measures.

Our dentists, and patient support team are committed to treating you with kindness and respect.

Tell us about your dental goals and we’ll do our utmost to help you achieve them.